A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments or brackets that are affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and are capable of guiding tooth movement.
A thin stainless steel ring which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth.
An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.
Clear synthetic brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal brackets.
Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.
The removal of cemented orthodontic bands and/or brackets.
elastics (rubber bands)
Used to move teeth in prescribed direction (commonly connected to molar band and upper ball hook).
The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.
Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.
Fixed or removable appliance designed commonly for overbite problems and more.
Of or pertaining to the tongue. A term used to describe surfaces and directions toward the tongue.
Orthodontic appliances fixed to the lingual surface of the teeth.
A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.
Surgery to alter relationships of teeth and/or supporting bones, usually accomplished in conjunction with orthodontic therapy.
Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.
Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.
The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.