Bands are a ring of metal, which fit around the molars and sometimes premolars. The bands are selected from a range of sizes in order to find the best fitting band. The bands are sealed in position using dental cement that contains fluoride to prevent any decalcification during treatment.
The brackets hold the archwire against each tooth. The archwire fits into a slot in the bracket. Brackets may be attached directly to each tooth or to a band.
The main wires or archwires, are shaped specifically to fit around the arch into the bracket slots. Teeth move from the pressure that is applied by the braces. That pressure comes from the archwire, which guides the direction of the movement.
Elastics are used to correct the patients bite and need to be worn as prescribed by Dr. Gutsche.
Hooks are small attachments on the brackets used to attach rubber bands.
Turbos are small amounts of dental bonding material that are placed behind the upper front teeth or on the lower back teeth to prevent interference of upper and lower braces and to help correct a patients bite.